What is Surface Treatment
Surface treatment is a process of forming a coating on the surface of a work piece by a certain method. The purpose is to make the surface of the product beautiful and anti-corrosive. Generally speaking, there are no special requirements for the surface treatment of precision castings. The castings parts can be rust-proof only by applying anti-rust oil. However, in order to improve the appearance quality, protect the surface from external influences, change material properties and brand influence, etc., we will do a casting surface finishing.
Why Our Surface Treatment Service
Whether a surface treatment or coating, we are able to provide whatever additional services are needed for the castings we produce. Typically, we apply the surface finishing or coating to the cast or post-machined surfaces. The application of the part will determine the type of coating used.
Surface Treatment Type
Immersion of the electroplated parts in an aqueous solution containing the deposited metal compound. The plating solution is allowed to flow through the plating solution to deposit and deposit on the component. General electroplating includes galvanizing, copper, nickel, chromium, copper-nickel alloy, and the like. Sometimes phosphating is also included.
Hot dip galvanizing
This is accomplished by immersing the carbon steel component in a plating bath of molten zinc at a temperature of about 510 °C. The result is that the iron-zinc alloy on the surface of the steel piece gradually becomes passivated zinc on the outer surface of the product. Hot dip aluminizing is a similar process.
The surface of the product is impacted by the particles of the coated metal. The coating is cold welded to the surface of the product.
It is known as “Chemical Plating”. “Electroless Plating” and other auto-catalytic nickel-phosphorus plating and industrial applications. Electroless nickel plating is a surface treatment process that is currently developing at a high speed in the world. It is pollution-free, easy to operate and widely used. The coating has good wear and corrosion resistance.
A gold-yellow copper-tin alloy layer was prepared on the surface of steel parts by displacement reaction immersion plating using copper sulfate and stannous sulfate as main salts. By adding a complexing agent of a fluorine-containing anion and a carboxyl anion, the rate of substitution reaction of copper and tin ions is controlled, and an alloy plating layer having a copper content of 1 5% to 39% is obtained, and the appearance is 18 to 2 K gold, and the film layer is bonded. Good strength, excellent corrosion resistance There are two types of electroless gold-plated ones, one is a chemical reduction type using a reducing agent, and the formed coating is generally auburn or gold with poor color, and the adhesion of the coating is poor. Immersion plating, ie, displacement plating or contact plating, is a displacement reaction driven by an electromotive force generated by a potential difference between two metals without an external current or a reducing agent. Low immersion plating equipment, high efficiency and low cost.
Chemical Conversion Coating
Chemical Conversion Coating Blackening, commonly known as “blackening” Steel Phosphating. Composite plating (dispersion plating) Or the chemical method of using metal ions and the non-solution that is uniformly suspended in the solution.
Chromating and Metal Coloring
Including various coatings such as hand coating, electrostatic coating, electrophoretic coating. Can be operated according to sample or color number. Secondly used surface treatment method for castings. Mainly used as the surface treatment for steel castings and iron castings.
Hot dip plating (Hot dip)
Hot dip coating is referred to as hot plating. It is a method of immersing a metal plated material in another liquid metal or alloy having a lower melting point for plating. The basic feature of this method is the formation of an alloy layer between the base metal and the plated metal.
Hot dip galvanizing (Galvanizing), commonly known as “lead water”
Hot dip tinning (Tinning)
Hot dip tinning mainly uses the semi-automatic method to continuously remove the dirt and rust spots on the surface of the object to be plated by continuous automatic washing and pickling, and then impregnating the flux to facilitate subsequent plating. The tin solution is immersed after the tin is processed. Then, after a series of steps of spreading, tapping, turning, etc., the excess tin liquid on the body of the plating body is removed and the tin liquid is evenly laid thereon. After cooling and drying, a pair of work pieces are produced to produce hot dip tin plating.
When charged particles or neutral particles with sufficient energy collide with the surface of the object, energy can be transferred to the atoms on the surface. As long as the surface atoms get more energy than their own ionization energy, they can get rid of the constraints of the surrounding atoms and leave the surface of the object. This phenomenon is called sputtering.
Vacuum plating mainly includes several types of vacuum evaporation, sputtering plating and ion plating. They are all used to deposit various metal and non-metal films on the surface of plastic parts by distillation or sputtering under vacuum conditions. In this way, a very thin surface coating can be obtained. At the same time, it has the outstanding advantage of fast adhesion. But the price is also higher. There are fewer types of metals that can be operated. Generally used as a functional coating for higher grade products. For example, it is used as an internal shield.
Ion plating A method in which a gas or a vaporized substance is partially ionized by a gas discharge under vacuum, and a vaporized substance or a reactant thereof is deposited on a substrate under the action of gas ions or bombardment by an evaporating ion plating schematic substance. These include magnetron sputtering ion plating, reactive ion plating, hollow cathode discharge ion plating (hollow cathode vapor deposition), multi-arc ion plating (cathode arc ion plating).
The surface hardening method refers to a treatment in which the surface layer of the part is hardened by an appropriate method. the core portion of the part still has strong toughness. By this treatment, the wear resistance and fatigue resistance of the parts can be improved. Since the core of the part still has good toughness and strength, it has a good resistance to impact loads. Commonly used surface hardening methods mainly include carburizing, nitriding, hard anodizing, chrome plating, surface hardening, and metal infiltration.
Better surface coating way than color painting, which is good at environment protection and harmless to workers.
Suitable for small type of investment castings for its high cost.
Pickling and Passivation
Used to protect castings from corrosion and add a protective layer. Specialized for stainless steel castings.
More cost-effective way to prevent investment castings from rusting than painting.
A kind of chemical layer converting process, using used pretreatment technology.